Dysphagia is a swallowing disorder which can be caused by a stroke, neurological diseases, surgical procedures which innervate the pharynx (neck area), head injury, certain medications or the aging process. This will limit a patient's ability to maintain nutrition orally (by mouth) and may put the person at risk of aspiration (food or liquid going in the lungs).

Possible Symptoms of Dysphagia: increased amount of time to eat; coughing or choking while eating or drinking; pocketing or holding food in the mouth; fever spike following meals; watery eyes during meals; wet gurgly voice; food remaining on the tongue after swallowing; excessive saliva; recurrent pneumonia; weight loss; and tight feeling in the throat.

Lessons Include:

  • Bolus Control

  • Effortful Swallow

  • Laryngeal Adduction

  • Laryngeal Elevation

  • Masako Maneuver

  • Oral Motor

  • Stimulation Technique

  • Thermal Stimulation

  • Tongue Base Retraction